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Volume 3, Number 2- April 1999


Special Focus Issue

The Hawksbill Turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata


Biology and Status of the Hawksbill in the Caribbean.

A Review Prepared by the IUCN/SSC Marine Turtle Specialist Group.

Foreword. Maria Angela (Neca) Marcovaldi 173

Introduction. Conservation of hawksbill sea turtles: perceptions and realities. Karen A. Bjorndal 174

Status of the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Caribbean region. Anne B. Meylan 177

Population modeling and implications for Caribbean hawksbill sea turtle management. Deborah T. Crouse 185

International movements of immature and adult hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Caribbean region. Anne B. Meylan 189

Genetic analysis to elucidate the natural history and behavior of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the wider Caribbean: a review and re-analysis. Anna L. Bass 195


Status justification for listing the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) as Critically Endangered on the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Anne B. Meylan and Marydele Donnelly 200

Differential tag retention in Caribbean hawksbill turtles. Robert P. van Dam and Carlos E. Diez 225

Population structure of hawksbill turtles on a foraging ground in the Dominican Republic. Yolanda M. León and Carlos E. Diez 230

Internesting movements and behavior of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) around Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Christopher H. Starbird, Zandy Hillis-Starr, James T. Harvey, and Scott A. Eckert 237

Population ecology and demographic implications drawn from an 11-year study of nesting hawksbill turtles, Eretmochelys imbricata, at Jumby Bay, Long Island, Antigua, West Indies. James I. Richardson, Rebecca Bell, and Thelma H. Richardson 244

Estimating the annual size of hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) nesting populations from mark-recapture studies: the use of long-term data to provide statistics for optimizing survey effort. Rhema Kerr, James I. Richardson, and Thelma H. Richardson 251

Reproduction and nesting of the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, in the Cuban archipelago. Felix Moncada, Elvira Carrillo, Ana Saenz, and Gonzalo Nodarse 257

Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in Cuba: an assessment of the historical harvest and its impacts. Elvira Carrillo, Grahame J.W. Webb, and S. Charlie Manolis 264

Nesting of the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, in Río Lagartos, Yucatán, Mexico, 1990ö1997. Mauricio Garduño-Andrade 281

Increases in hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) nestings in the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico, 1977ö1996: data in support of successful conservation? Mauricio Garduño-Andrade, Vicente Guzmán, Emma Miranda, Raquel Briseño-Dueñas, and F. Alberto Abreu-Grobois 286

Genetic sourcing for the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, in the northern Caribbean region. Rogelio Díaz-Fernández, Toshinao Okayama, Tomouki Uchiyama, Elvira Carrillo, Georgina Espinosa, René Márquez, Carlos Diez, and Hiroko Koike 296

Nesting and conservation management of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in northern Bahia, Brazil. Maria Angela Marcovaldi, Claudia F. Vieitas, and Matthew H. Godfrey 301

Juvenile Eretmochelys imbricata and Chelonia mydas in the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Taisi Maria Sanches and Claudio Bellini 308

The hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, in the Arabian Gulf. Nicolas J. Pilcher 312

Temporal distribution and periodicity in hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) nesting at Cousin Island, Republic of Seychelles, 1971ö1997. Jeanne A. Mortimer and Roby Bresson 318

Hawksbill turtles, Eretmochelys imbricata, nesting on Redang Island, Terengganu, Malaysia, from 1993 to 1997. Eng-Heng Chan and Hock-Chark Liew 326

Reproductive biology of the hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, in Sabah, Malaysia. Nicolas J. Pilcher and Lamri Ali 330

Current status of nesting populations of the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Java Sea, Indonesia. Hiroyuki Suganuma, Naoki Kamezaki, and Akil Yusuf 337

Hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, nesting at Milman Island, northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Kirstin A. Dobbs, Jeffrey D. Miller, Colin J. Limpus, and André M. Landry, Jr. 344

Genetic diversity of the hawksbill turtle in the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean regions. Toshinao Okayama, Rogelio Díaz-Fernández, Yoshiyuki Baba, Matheus Halim, Osamu Abe, Naofumi Azeno, and Hiroko Koike 362